The history of the people is captivating from the beginning: Findings from all over the world prove the skill and mobility of their creators. The exhibition also explores how climate, wars or beliefs have influenced cultural development. The skills that distinguished our ancestors can be experienced during an expedition from the Stone Age to the late Middle Ages.
The exhibition draws a bow from the beginnings of mankind to the non-European cultures of modern times. The focus is on the collections of archeology and ethnology, supplemented by natural history exhibits in the field of evolution and by the National Gallery in the area of the transition from the Old to the New World. On their tour through the »MenschenWelten«, visitors first travel through the history of human evolution and are made familiar with their »ancestral series«: from the pre-human beings, who can already walk upright, to the craftsmen who make the first stone tools, to the Early humans, who are anatomically barely different from modern humans, learn to master the fire and leave Africa as the cradle of humanity. Valuable historical dioramas show our ancestors in their respective habitats.
This is followed by the prehistory of humans in today's Lower Saxony, which is approachable through diverse objects: how people from distant regions immigrated, how dramatic climatic fluctuations changed the face of the earth, how technical innovations influenced the economy, society and culture and what impact that had on the environment how a warrior caste arose, wealth accumulated and power was exercised, and even before 3.000 years, a culture-like society arose. With the direct, even warlike contact between Romans and Teutons in today's Lower Saxony changed a lot: Germanic warriors took over tasks in the Roman army and returned with strange goods and new ideas back home. Cultural contact allowed trade to flourish, bringing craftsmanship and agriculture forward. An elite emerged whose status consciousness is reflected, for example, in the rich grave goods of the Roman Empire. Moor finds of textiles show us the everyday clothing in mind, but also allow reconstructions of the otherwise barely palpable splendor elaborately manufactured clothing. On the basis of Moormumien as the "red Franz" we can also understand the hair and beard fashion in Germania during the Roman Empire.
where do we come from, where do we stand, where do we go?
With the discovery of the New World in 15. Century changed the everyday life of the people. This also changes the perspective of visitors: from Lower Saxony to the cultures of the world. Particularly valuable exhibits from the South Seas come from the second circumnavigation of the world of Captain James Cook in the years 1772 to 1775. They are among the oldest examples of material culture in the South Seas worldwide and are regarded as examples of a "culture that is still unchanged" before contact with Europeans.
In the exhibition, multiperspective approaches repeatedly break through the one-sided, Europe-centered reading of objects. At the end of the tour, so-called "colonic figures" symbolize the colonized's view of the colonizers. At the beginning of the exhibition stands the evolution of man, which took place especially in Africa; At the end, Africa is again, but this time as a culturally highly exciting place of the present. Thus, relations can be established here between millions of years, between natural history, archeology and ethnology.
»The exhibition is a very beautiful holistic view of the worlds that surround us.«
Angela, 43 years