After 2 million years of feeding on hunting, gathering and fishing, the peasant economy has made it possible to target food, feed more people and save surpluses. In Central Europe, the Neolithic with the Linienbandkeramischen Kultur (LBK) spread very quickly and brought agriculture and livestock by about 5.500 v. Chr. To the northern edge of the low mountain range. The subsequent Neolithisierung of the Northern European low level took place only much later around 4.200 v. Chr., But then with high dynamics. The reasons for this are controversially discussed in research, but have only recently been answered by new branches of science such as paleogenetics. A problem that has long been regarded as unsolvable has once again become highly topical: Who established cereal farming, domestic animals and house construction in the lowlands and thus laid the foundation for rural life right up to the Industrial Revolution?
For this question, the site Hüde I am Dümmer, whose finds are kept in the Landesmuseum Hannover, central. Based on new perspectives on these and related finds, the centuries-long coexistence of early farmers and "native" hunter-gatherer fishermen is discussed. It is also asked why these parallel societies disappeared so suddenly and were largely replaced by a very similar in terms of ceramics and grave customs ideology - the funnel beaker culture.