Tue, 18.06.2019Max Liebermann and Mihály Munkácsy. A German artist under Hungarian influence?
"The time in which we live demands that the treasures of knowledge gained by mankind should not be sheltered alone in the narrow circles of the individual brain, they must become common to all the people and penetrate through all strata." georg philip holscher, 1850 in the new hannoverian magazine, calling for the founding of a natural history museum
The Landesmuseum Hannover originated as a "Hannoverian Museum for Art and Science" from bourgeois roots: The "Naturhistorische Gesellschaft Hannover", the "Historical Association for Lower Saxony" and the "Association for the Public Art Collection" had decided to bring 1852 together their collections. 1856 was then able to present the new museum in the Sophienstraße 2, today's Künstlerhaus, until 1902, as provincial museum, received its new location at the Maschpark.
Since the beginning of a multi-line house, the new building has made possible a division into three sections: on the one hand the historical archeology collections, the history of Hanover, a collection of coins and ethnological exhibits, the natural history section and finally the art department. With its name, the "Museum of Art and Science" was already far ahead of the older royal art and Wunderkammern when it was founded, and today it seems almost trend-setting. For Wilhelm Leibniz, the great enlightener of the century, museums were »theaters of nature and art«, spaces in which art and science meet.
The new concept, which has been successively implemented since 2013, is based on the history of the museum with three departments and on the architecture of the house as an image of the world. On the ground floor, for example, you can now find the »NaturWelten« as a link between the hitherto separate areas of vivarium and natural history. On the first floor you can experience the unique combination of archeology and ethnology, old and new worlds in the »MenschenWelten«. And above all, the KunstWelten floats with paintings and sculptures from the Middle Ages to the 20. Century.
»In the Hanover State Museum, one finds seemingly irreconcilable and is invited in many ways to discover and contemplate.«
prof. dr. Katja Lembke
Director of the Hanover State Museum